Triple marker test: What is the triple marker test & its use


Triple marker test: The triple marker screen test is a blood test performed during pregnancy. Pregnant women undergo a series of tests to ensure that their pregnancy is progressing correctly and that their baby is developing correctly.

Triple marker test
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If you are pregnant, your doctor may recommend a triple marker screen test to check for any genetic disorders in your baby.

The triple marker screen test is also known as the multi indicator test or multi-monitoring test. To learn more about this test, read these articles further.

What is the triple marker test?

The Triple Marker Test is also known as the Triple Test, and some other names are also popular:

  • Multiple Marker Test
  • Multiple Marker Screening
  • AFP Plus
Triple marker test
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The triple test examines the likelihood of a genetic disorder in an unborn or unborn baby. During the trial, the high or low levels of three essential subtend present in the umbilical cord are examined.

  • Three important subtenses
  • Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)
  • Human chronic gonadotropin (HCG)
  • Estriol

The triple marker test is a blood test that is performed during a 15 to 20-week pregnancy, and the other test is a quadruple marker screen test that checks for inhibitors or “hormones”.

The triple marker screen test helps potential parents prepare and evaluate options. These people alert the doctor to watch the fetus very closely for problems in pregnancy.

What is the reason for having the triple test during pregnancy?

Triple marker screen test can provide important information about your pregnancy to your doctor. It helps in the following ways:

By performing this test early in pregnancy, the nervous system has defected, and other congenital disabilities are detected.

This test helps identify the risk of Down syndrome in your baby.

Triple marker test
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The triple marker screen test helps identify trisomy 18 (Edward’s syndrome) during pregnancy.

The trisomy test helps to determine if you are more likely to have two or more babies.

This test also helps in detecting other abnormalities which allows the doctor to diagnose further.

How to test the triple marker test?

The triple marker screen test procedure is the same as any other blood test. Here’s how your doctor or technician will perform this test.

Step 1: First, the technician will ask you to stretch your arm and make a fist. It will help them find your vein.

Step 2: The doctor will then tie a strap around your arm.

Step 3: Next, the technician will clean the area where they will inject it with an antibacterial and antibacterial cloth.

Step 4: Then, a sample of blood was taken with the help of a needle.

Step 5: Then, the place is cleaned with an antiseptic and antibacterial cloth.

Step 6: Then, the blood sample is sent to a laboratory for evaluation where the biochemist will evaluate the model.

Your physician will provide relevant information based on the results and will tell you what to do next.

Note: There are no side effects of this test. If you have any problem or question related to your test result, then you should openly discuss that topic with your doctor.

Why is triple marker screened test?

The triple marker screen test is a symbolic test that helps physicians know what to do next if any abnormalities are found.

This test measures ACG levels and determines whether HCG and estriol levels are normal.

After this, further action is taken keeping in mind the age, weight, gestational pregnancy, and ethnicity of the mother for diagnosis.

Precautions to be taken during the triple marker test

While getting this test done, you must tell all the things related to your pregnancy to the doctor.

If there is any change in the information, it may change the test results. Physicians take the necessary precautions when drawing blood to perform tests.

To ensure that the fetus is not affected by any blood-borne germs such as using a new needle, use antimicrobial and antibacterial clothing.

If necessary, antibiotics Medications can also be said to consume.

Benefits of triple marker screen test

Triple marker screen test indicates possible complications in pregnancy and the presence of multiple fetuses.

Getting a triple marker screen test is particularly beneficial for women over the age of 35.

The main advantage of this test is that it helps in identifying congenital defects in the infant and helps the pregnant woman to prepare in advance for this.

Triple marker test
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Some of these genetic disorders and abnormalities are:

Trisomy 18 or Edward syndrome, which is caused by a chromosome abnormality.

Down syndrome, a condition in which additional genetic material from chromosome 21 is present in the cell.

Nerve duct defects, which are congenital defects including disorders associated with the brain, spine, and spinal cord.

 Its side effects and risks on mother and baby.

 There are no known side effects of this test. Because the amount of blood to be removed for the examination is very small.

Therefore, this test does not harm the mother and child.

Triple marker test result explained

Triple marker screen tests indicate the likelihood of a genetic disorder in the infant. However, these results depend on the following factors:

  • Pregnant woman’s age
  • Pregnant woman’s weight
  • Does he have diabetes or not
  • There is a possibility of having one or more infants
  • How long is her pregnancy

After the test, your gynecologist will tell you through the test result whether the results are negative or positive. If the results of this test are false positives, he may suggest getting other tests done.

What does a negative screen mean?

If the result of a screen test comes back negative, it means that the neural tube defect in your fetus reduces the risk of congenital disabilities such as Down syndrome and trisomy 18.

However, obtaining negative screen test results does not assure this. May give the baby full health and normal birth.

What to do if test results are abnormal?

If the test results are abnormal, consult your doctor. You will ask to undergo another test to determine the abnormalities found in the fetus.

The first of these tests will probably be an ultrasound test, which will determine the fetal age.

Doctors will also examine the fetus’s brain, spinal cord, kidneys, and heart to detect any problems.

A low-risk triple test ensures that even if the results are abnormal, your doctor will either help prepare you for the conditions to come or initiate further action to correct them.

What are the reasons that you need to get other tests done?

Having a triple test helps you identify and diagnose possible congenital disabilities and genetic disorders.

But more importantly than that, it helps to prepare parents for this situation. One of the biggest reasons for getting tested is to help potential parents prepare to live with such an infant.

Which done as follows:

  • Educating parents about the needs of a disabled child
  • Introducing parents to the support group and therapist
  • They are raising awareness about the possible situation.
  • Allows parents to consider all options like surgery, therapy therapy
What happens after the Triple Marker Test?

No special care has required after the test. You can follow your daily routine and work until the doctor gives you any advice.

If you have any questions about the triple marker test, please see your doctor, he will give you better instructions.

How accurate is the triple test in pregnancy?

The accuracy of the results of the triple marker screening test can be understood as follows:

Through this test, 80 out of 100 embryos have accurately detected whether he has spina bifida or not. It isn’t easy to see in 20 sources.

Similarly, 90 out of 100 embryos can be detected or not. In the case of unsafe, the brain and spinal cord of the unborn child had not fully developed.

Also, Down syndrome has been detected in 69 out of 100 embryos. At the same time, it becomes difficult to see in 31 sources.

Next, let us know what the benefits of having this test can be.

Triple Marker Test Cost

Its estimated cost can be around 1250 to 4200 rupees. This cost can be more or less depending on the city, doctor, and hospital.

You must have known through this article how much the triple marker screen test is necessary for a pregnant woman and a fetus.

Also know that by this test, the congenital disabilities occurring in the fetus can be treated and treated promptly.

If you are a pregnant woman, this article may prove beneficial for you.

Other options for the triple marker screen test

Some parents alternatively undergo triple tests to understand the diagnosis or seek a second opinion. Having a prenatal ultrasound test helps parents to confirm the diagnosis.

Talk to the doctor to choose the right test according to your requirement, which will give you better information related to alternative tests.

These tests not only give you information about your baby’s health, but they also prepare you to face the challenges you face.

Knowing whether your baby is healthy will help you decide for the life ahead. The triple test will help you learn and simultaneously prepare for problems related to your baby’s health.

Therefore, apart from this test, do other necessary tests and get a healthy pregnancy.

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